Interior & Exterior
Types of carpet
The Magic of Carpet
A carpet can make a great difference to the décor of any room. Stylish and royal in its appearance, a carpet can provide all the necessary richness, warmth and beauty to a room. So what exactly a carpet is? Well it is actually a textile floor covering which consists of an upper layer of "pile". The pile is attached to a backing. The pile or the upper layer of the carpet is usually made of wool or a manmade fibre for example, polypropylene. The fiber of the upper layer is well tested and often heat-treated so that it may maintain its structure.
People have loved carpets for ages. Even today many people think that a room is incomplete without a carpet in it. If you will try to buy a carpet these days you will find a huge market for them. As you will come across lots of types of carpet to select from, you need to know a little more about the various types of carpet. Here we have tried to explain the basic types of carpet so that when you decide to buy one, you will be well aware that what you have chosen and why!
* Knotted pile carpet
The structural weft threads would alternate with a supplementary weft which will emerge from the weaved in a knotted pile carpet. The weft would rise from the weaved surface at a perpendicular angle. This carpet is also called weft cut-loop pile carpet. In a knotted pile carpet, the supplementary weft is attached to the warp. The attachment is done through knots. It is also worth mentioning here that three types of knots are used in the knotted pile carpet. The knot called shag was very much popular in the period of 1970s. This knot was used to form the pile or nap of the carpet. Though the knotting in these carpets is also done through machines today but the knotting by hands has been quite popular. Even today many people love to buy a knotted pile carpet in which the knots are tied through hands. This knotting by hands is also prevalent in Oriental rugs and carpets. You can better understand the knots tied by hands through the example of Kashmir carpets . The Kasmiri carpets are also hand-knotted.
* Woven carpet
The woven carpet is another basic type of carpet. This woven carpet is actually manufactured on a loom . This loom is quite similar to the one used for weaving a cloth. Various types of colourful yarns are being used in this woven carpet. Beautiful patterns and designs are created with the help of these yarns.
People who are experts in weaving use their creativity to create beautiful unique and intricate patterns in these carpets. While weaving the carpet, the pattern, colours and themes are pre-decided so that the carpet can be weaved accordingly. Though many people are in the misconception that the woven carpets are not so expensive and that ,they are cheap because they are of a low quality. But the truth is that the woven carpets are considered of a high quality and some of these carpets are quite expensive. These carpets look marvelous with their colourful themes and unique designs.
The pile that is used in the woven carpet can be the plush or the berber. The plush carpet is a cut pile while the berber carpet is a loop pile. The new styles of carpet have also come up with the combination of these two styles. These new style carpets are called cut and loop carpeting.
* Level loop pile carpet
Another popular type of carpet is the level loop pile carpet. The level loop pile carpet is constructed by weaving similar and even loops of yarn. These yarns are weaved into carpet backing at both ends. The best advantage of the level loop pile carpet is that such carpets are very durable. Another advantage is that the level loop pile carpets are also track resistant. The reason behind their being track resistant is that these carpets contain very strong loops. Likewise, the higher loops that are presented in the carpet create an attractive, beautiful and luxurious look. The higher loops in the carpet do not only give a beautiful look but they also help in preventing dirt from filtering on into the carpet. This carpet also looks lovely.
* Tufted carpet
This type of carpet called tufted carpet is manufactured on a tufting machine. This manufacturing takes place by the use of a single colored yarn. Sometimes even a non colored yarn is also used in the tufted carpet. The basic mantra behind using a non colored yarn in a tufted carpet is that once the carpet is prepared then it can be easily dyed or printed with a special design or a separate process. Carpets that are tufted can be of different types like those with the cut pile, loop pile or the ones with the combination of both cut piles and the loop piles. The machines are also useful as they are able to produce a lot more lengthy carpets than weaving.
* Flat weave carpet
The flat weave carpet is made with the help of interlocking of warps and weft threads. Various types of weaves are used in the flat weave carpets. These types of oriental flat woven carpet include various weaves like soumak weave , plain weave and tapestry weave. This type of carpet is very much popular in the North American region. Apart from the North American region, the flat weave carpets are very much prevalent in the orient and Japan regions also.
* Needle felt carpet
The needle felt type of carpet is a different type of carpet. It is very much technologically advanced. These carpets are produced by the technology of electrostatic attraction which is created between individual fibers. Through this creativity of individual fibers a unique carpet is formed and the best thing is that the needle felt carpets have extremely high durability. Mostly these needle felt carpets are used in the places like hotels or villas or big and spacious places. It is mostly used at the places where there is always a lot of traffic.
* Hooked rug carpet
The hooked rug carpet is more like a rug. The hooked rug carpet contains a simple kind of construction. This simple construction is done in the hooked rug carpet by pulling strips of cloth. This cloth can be of wool or cotton. This type of rug is usually called handicraft.
*Cut and loop piles carpet
The cut and loop piles carpet contains the combination of both looped and cut fibers . These carpets provide different types of surface textures for medium durability. These cut and loop carpets are available easily in the solid colours or different colors. There are various types of layers in this carpet. These different types of layers presented in the cut and loop carpet are able to hide dirt and even the footprints in both formal and informal areas.
* Saxony carpet
Saxony carpet is made of twisted cut piles which are quite tight in nature. The reason behind the tightness of these piles is that they are heat set straight. These piles consist of two or more fibers. These fibers are then twisted together in a yarn. These yarns together provide a very soft texture for both informal and formal areas. These Saxony carpets will show every footprint and all type of even marks from the vacuum cleaners.
* Textured Saxony carpet
Textured carpet is the best selling and it works well in informal areas due to the very soft feel. They are tightly twisted and texture headset for medium durability. They also offer a multi colored look that will hide tracks and footprints.
* Plush or velvet carpet
Very light twists are used in the plush and velvet carpets. These lightly twisted plushes provide a very even and a uniform color. These plush and velvet carpets are very soft and offer an appropriate level to the texture of the carpet. For the formal areas, this type of carpet is quite ideal. These carpets also provide a very luxurious appearance.
The frieze carpet contains highly twisted cut piles. These carpets suite the high traffic areas. The frieze carpets contain the short fibres which tend to mould and curl in various directions on the surface. This helps in hiding the footprints and the vacuum marks.